50. Adolf Loos
Education: Dresden University of technology (Drop out)
Notable works: Steiner House, Looshaus, Villa Müller
Quote:“Supply and demand regulate architectural form”Adolf
Loos was an architect who grew up in Germany and was the leading critic of the use of decoration and style in architecture, which he argued needed to be functional which we still have in his writing “Ornamentation and Crime”. Loos viewed the use of design and ornament as childish and backward. He frequently railed against the idea that buildings should be made visually pleasing in any ways, that did not add to the function of the structure.
49. Álvaro Siza
Education: Fine Arts of the University of Porto
Notable works: Iberê Camargo Foundation, the Serralves, New Orleans building.
Quote: “Architects don’t invent anything, they just transform reality”
Álvaro Siza is a Portuguese architect and architectural educator. In his childhood, he wanted to become a sculptor which is reflected in his architecture practice. His most buildings are representation of sculptural works that have been described as “poetic modernism.” This sculptural architecture he knits into its context, connecting his buildings with the site and the culture masterfully.
48. Alvar Alto
Education: Helsinki University of Technology and University of Jyvaskyla
Notable works: Viipuri Library, Villa Mairea, Baker House, Finlandia Hall
Quote:“Architecture belongs to culture, not to civilization.”
Alvar Alto was part of the Modern Movement of Architecture, but he developed his own style, based on modernist architecture combined with the usage of local materials and his own personal expression. He practiced organic modern style that would equip the functionality of the building during his mature years. Although Aalto was from a younger generation, he is considered one of the master architects of Modern Architecture, along with Le Corbusier, Mies Van Der Rohe and Walter Gropius.
47. Antoine Predock
Education: Columbia University
Notable works: Robert Hoag Rawlings Public Library, Trinity River Audubon Center, Canadian Museum for Human Rights
Quote:“Architecture is a ride – a physical ride and an intellectual ride.”
Antoine Predock is an American architect based in New Mexico. He is the principal of Antoine Predock Architect PC. His buildings appear to have been organically grown out of the earth. He actually begins his building designs in clay and then bonds his creations with the modern world of computer design. Many of Predock’s designs have clearly been influenced by his time in New Mexico. Experts have said he brings a sense of connection and force to his work, with spiritual interaction, movement, the natural environment and technology.
46. Antoni Gaudí
Education: ETSAB Barcelona School of Architecture
Notable works: Sagrada Família, Casa Milà, Casa Batlló
Quote:“There are no straight lines or sharp corners in nature. Therefore, buildings must have no straight lines or sharp corners.”
Antoni Gaudí’s works reflect an individualized and distinctive style. His work was influenced by his passions in life: architecture, nature, and religion. He considered every detail of his creations and integrated into his architecture such crafts as ceramics, stained glass, wrought ironwork forging and carpentry. He also introduced new techniques in the treatment of materials, such as trencadís(broken tile mosaics) which used waste ceramic pieces.
45. Arne Jacobsen
Education: RoyalDanish Academy of Fine Arts
Notable works: Bellavista residential complex, Bellevue Teatret, Stelling House, Soholm Row Houses
Quote:“Clearly, if a building is not functionally and technically in order, then it isn’t architecture either, it’s just a building”
Arne Jacobsen is noted for his sense of proportion. He is remembered for his contribution to architectural Functionalism as well as for the worldwide success he enjoyed with simple but effective chair designs.
44. Ben Van Berkel
Education: Rietveld Academy, then diploma from Architectural Association in London
Notable works: Moebius House, Erasmus Bridge, Mercedes-Benz Museum
Quote: “Architecture falls between art and airports. It’s pragmatic-it helps you get from point A to point B. But it also works as art. It makes you think twice. It inspires you. It brings you back to yourself.”
Ben Van Berkel is a Dutch architect. He is the founder and principal architect of the architectural practice UNStudio, they presents themselves as a network of specialists in architecture, urban development and infrastructure. Ben van Berkel attempts to develop the broadest possible vision of the construction site, analyzing the issues involved and the potential for use and development of the land. He places conceptual discipline and social formations above technology.
43. Bernard Tschumi
Education: ETH Zurich
Notable works: Parc de la Villette, Acropolis Museum Athens, Blue Condominium
Quote: “Architecture is not so much a knowledge of form, but a form of knowledge.”
Tschumi has argued that there is no fixed relationship between architectural form and the events that take place within it. He emphasized the establishment of a non-hierarchical architecture to achieve balance through programmatic and spatial devices. His designs strive to integrate into the environment they encompass in a way that they work functionally and visually portray his design intentions and not in a way that they blend in the surroundings. Tschumi’s style of design is often an integration of linear and curvature forms in his architecture.
42. Bjarke Ingels
Education: Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts
Notable works: VM Houses, Mountain dwellings, 8 House, Amager Bakke
Quote:“For me, architecture is the means, not the end. It’s a means of making different life forms possible.”
Bjarke Ingels is a Danish Architect, founder and creative partner of Bjarke Ingels Group (BIG), widely known for buildings that defy convention while incorporating sustainable development principles and bold sociological concepts.
41. César Pelli
Education: Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Master of Science in Architectural Degree from University of Illinois School of Architecture
Notable works: Porta Nuova Garibaldi Complex, Petronas Towers, Pelli’s Torre de Cristal
Quote:“The desire to reach for the sky runs very deep in the human psyche.”
César Pelli came to recognize the need to steer away from the architectural fixation on creating an individual style and instead be adaptive, altering his designs depending on place and purpose at hand. His aim was to create a new type of architecture that responded to new functions, materials, technologies and social systems of the time. Pelli was known for the lightweight, almost tent like appearance of his buildings, which were often surfaced in glass or a thin stone veneer. His projects displayed a fascination with abstract, crystalline glass shapes shot through with lines of coloured stone or metal.