Waterbodies, the breathable spaces that majorly encompass the void in the urban fabric are naturally the key to healthy living environments. Right from the birth of the waterbody, it undergoes a traceable morphogenesis over a period of time, witnessing diverse environmental conditions and user nature. With the steady increase in the density of urban fabric, these breathable zones have become un-noticeably sizeable. This obscured the vision of the water bodies amongst the tall, dense skyline of the cities. Though the large waterbodies occupied a major part of the skyline, small ones were left as un-noticed ground in the middle of dense urban figures.
The fresh water bodies that have higher impact on the surrounding urban life tend to have a part in the lifestyle of the people. They are generally the major water source for the population and are traditionally a place of congregation. Farming communities of India are majorly dependant on fresh water bodies such as river for potable water & irrigation and worship them as a part of their living culture.

The festival pays tribute to water’s life-sustaining properties – ‘Aadi peruku’ celebrations at Kaveri river, Tamilnadu Ref:Google images

Small freshwater bodies such as ponds are traditionally a part of the temple or free standing structures and are conserved till today as a part of the culture. They are the primary water source for the zone and maintain the ground water level in the locality. They also serve as a nodal point for the people and create an ambient atmosphere in the neighborhood through passive cooling, thus balancing the environmental effects in the ‘micro level’.
Chand Baori stepwell that was built to conserve water in the arid region of Rajasthan also serves as a gathering place specially designed to cater to the population at times of intense heat. Ref: Google images

Salt water bodies such as lakes are the recreation points for the population. Apart from having a rich saltwater ecosystem, it enhances the micro-climate and opens up opportunities for various water affiliated activities and entertainment. Lake side recreation is considered to have a rich cultural impact and tourist attraction that would further provide economic support for local maintenance. Thus a flourishing neighborhood is achieved.

Kankaria lake in Ahmedabad provides a wide range of food and entertainment opportunities along the different parts of the day. Ref: Hindustan times

Other still water bodies such as Marshlands that are rich platform for diverse ecosystems, are primarily responsible for Aquifer recharge in the urban scenario. Distribution of such water bodies over the urban fabric helps in maintenance of ground water level and natural water drain that regulates the natural water cycle across seasons.(From monsoon till summer)
Over time, when waterbodies lack significant user access, they form areas of urban blight and lose their function. Many urban waterbodies have been victims to Garbage dumping, antisocial activities etc. due to human ignorance. These altogether reflect on the environmental cycle in the zone that brings a drift in the health of the neighborhood. Issues such as recent urban floods in India came into picture due to the improper functioning of the neglected waterbodies and their underground network. Their impact on the diminishing flora and fauna has also intensified the effects of Natural disasters such as cyclone. The urban blight brought in unhealthy transformation of environment letting it fail in the natural protection against disasters.

Water clogging was the primary cause of the ‘Un-natural flood disaster’ in Chennai. Many neglected wetlands that were victims to encroachments, failed to regulate the water flow and became the major cause for the ‘urban flood’.
The wetland conservation that has indirect significance on urban life. Ref: TNC India

Various schemes have been brought in at both community and regional level for protection & restoration of natural bodies to retrieve the healthy environmental cycle for a ‘healthy living’. In the end, the life of waterbodies are actually the life of us humans; for we are nature.

Akshaya Muralikumar
Architect of Thoughts-Passionate human being looking for the essence in user experiences. Because, perception matters.

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